Also known as endosseison implants, surgical-type medical devices used to functionally and aesthetically rehabilitate the loss or lack of congenital teaching, thanks to a biological process known as osseointegration;
The dental implant can be inserted both in the mandible and in the axilla.
The implant is inserted, so that osseointegration takes place more easily, while only afterwards is the visible dental prosthesis added; therefore a variable amount of time (from 2-6 months) is necessary to arrive at a correct osseointegration.
It can be used to support prosthetic crowns and bridges, up to complete arches. The material used is titanium in its pure form, as it allows for better osseointegration, forming an intimate bond with the bone. Simplified and small-sized models (therefore called mini hominin implants) are also used to provide stability for mobile aprotheses.
Success / Failure?
- The success or failure of dental implants depends on:
- state of health of the person receiving it,
- from the mechanical properties of the plant (screw)
- from any drug summaries that have a possible impact with osseointegration
- condition of the tissues of the mouth.
- the mechanical stress that the system would face during its life must be carefully assessed
The position of the implants is determined by the position and angle of the adjacent teeth, by laboratory simulations or by using computerized atomography (often using CBCT equipment) with CAD / CAM simulations and surgical guides.
In the presence of healthy tissues, a well-integrated implant with biomechanical dental technicians can have a long-term success rate between 93% and 98% and a duration of ten to fifteen years for prosthetic teeth.